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Step 10: Research Paper Conclusion

What Has Your Research Shown?

❶Sometimes your paper may contain many different or even opposite points. A research paper that is very long, such as a dissertation or a graduate thesis, may need a conclusion that extends for several pages.

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Idea of a Research Paper Conclusion
Structure of Your Conclusion
Make Your Conclusion Effective

The conclusion to a written work serves a similar purpose. The writer should begin their paper with an appropriate introduction of their topic, followed a general statement of their thesis. The writer will then develop their thesis through the body of the paper by stating the facts and arguments the writer wishes to present. Yet another difficulty some writers encounter when drafting a conclusion to their paper is to simply make writing the conclusion more complicated than it needs to be.

It should go without saying that the conclusion should be one of the last, if not the very last, part of the paper that is written, with the possible exception of prefaces, forewords, and appendices. The conclusion merely summarizes the ideas, information, and arguments that have already been presented.

The writer is not conducting research or formulating a thesis in the conclusion. Rather, the writer is simply restating the findings of research that has already been done. At this point, the topic does not need to be explained in excessive detail.

The reader is already familiar with the topic. This aspect of the conclusion should essentially a repeat of the thesis statement that was included in the original introduction, most likely at the end of the opening paragraph. What is the primary idea the writer is attempting to convey to the reader? This idea should be clearly stated in the conclusion. The conclusion to a research paper should revisit the core arguments offered by opposing points of view with a brief explanation of why the writer considers these arguments to be mistaken.

Once again, it is important to focused and concise. The writer is not rewriting their paper in the conclusion, but only summarizing its main parts. A good rule of thumb for scholars is to remember that there is rarely any such thing as a settled argument when it comes to intellectual debates.

The writer might include a reference to additional questions they encountered while writing the paper or conducting the research. There might also be mention of aspects of the research and related questions that the writer feels the paper did not address effectively.

This is one of many, many issues that are controversial among historians and political scientists. The United States finally withdrew all of its troops from Vietnam in This was an important event for the antiwar movement and for the American people. The withdrawal occurred amidst the growing Watergate scandal, and served as one more indication of the failure of the Nixon presidency. The end of American involvement in Vietnam represented the culmination of the dedication given to their cause by the great many antiwar activists who participated in the movement.

It further represented a definitive moment in the generational conflict between young American and their elders that emerged during the s as American participation in the war escalated.

This victory and the conflict from which it emerged would continue to shape American society and politics in the ensuing decades as conservative forces regrouped, and went on the offensive, resulting in the Reagan Revolution of the s. Notice that the above paragraph simply states an opinion. It is not clear from this paragraph what the topic of the paper or its central thesis actually is. Nor is it clear how a thesis is supported by research and argument in the body of the paper.

The paragraph conveys the impression that the debate concerning the issues involved is settled, and that there are no further ideas or questions that need to be addressed. Lastly, the paragraph ends very abruptly and leaves the reader with the feeling that the paper is incomplete. For four decades, historians and political scientists have debated the degree to which the anti-Vietnam War movement was the catalyst that ultimately brought about the withdrawal of the United States from Vietnam in The highly visible and vocal antiwar movement of the period reflected this growing popular antiwar sentiment.

It has been argued that the militancy of many within the antiwar movement had an alienating effect on the wider body of the American public that actually diminished antiwar sentiment, and postponed the end of American involvement. However, research indicates the intensification of antiwar feelings among Americans actually expanded during precisely the time that the antiwar movement was taking a more militant turn. Yet a legacy of this era was an escalation of cultural conflict that generated a conservative backlash during later decades.

Further research is needed concerning the question of to what degree the Reagan Revolution of the s was an effective regrouping of conservative forces that suffered defeat during the Nixon presidency, and to what degree the growing conservative militancy of later years paralleled the militancy of the antiwar movement of the late s and early s. Observe that the concluding paragraph provided above clearly restates the topic of the paper the role of the antiwar movement in ending American involvement in Vietnam.

The thesis of the paper is also restated the growth of the antiwar movement reflected public opinion of the era. Counterarguments are acknowledged the antiwar movement had an alienating effect on the general public that weakened antiwar sentiment. The rebuttal to this argument is summarized in the paragraph, but questions raised by the debate are recognized and suggested as topics for further research.

The conclusion should provide the reader with a sense of finality. The reader should feel that writer has made the point they wish to make, and supported their thesis by effectively arguing their case. Ultius is the trusted provider of content solutions for consumers around the world. Go to Homepage current My Account my. Thus, you do not want to introduce any new ideas, but rather recap everything throughout the rest of your piece of writing. Now, this is where most students worry about redundancy.

Instead of rewriting the points exactly as you have before, you want to shorten them up by taking the main ideas of the whole paper and turning them into concise sentences that get straight to the point.

The conclusion is the exact opposite of that, so you can use your introduction paragraph as somewhat of a template. In the conclusion, start narrow by first restating your thesis in different words than in your introduction and showing how you proved it.

Then, work on broadening your conclusion to the outer world. Your conclusion should also make an attempt to address the significance of your topic. In the conclusion, attempt to answer this question: In your conclusion, you want to synthesize the information in your paper, not simply summarize it.

Your readers already looked through your piece of writing and know what it says. To synthesize effectively, you need to show your readers how everything you put in your research paper fits together to create a cohesive whole.

You can think of your paper like a recipe. To bake a cake, you first have all of the ingredients stand on their own. However, once you combine them all together, you have created something new.

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The conclusion is the last, yet not the easiest part of a research paper. It must summarize the whole paper and explain its main purpose. This section also shouldn’t sound too dry. Any conclusion consists of a few elements, so you can choose different approaches depending on your agenda and the paper type.

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However, in the conclusion, your task is to move from a specific discussion [your research problem] back to a general discussion [i.e., how your research contributes new understanding or fills an important gap in the literature].

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The conclusion allows you to have the final say on the issues you have raised in your paper, to synthesize your thoughts, to demonstrate the importance of your ideas, and to propel your reader to a new view of the subject. Well, you should feel comforted that there are easy ways to succeed in writing up the conclusion paragraph to your research paper. Idea of a Research Paper Conclusion Before you can write an effective conclusion paragraph, you .

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Writing a conclusion is the final part of the research paper, drawing everything together and tying it into your initial research. This article is a part of the guide. By learning how to write a conclusion for a research paper, a student may find out the way to impress even the strictest teacher and the rest of the target audience. In this article, we cover all elements of the research paper: from an abstract to a conclusion interpreting the results of the study.