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❶They belong to a group called cofactors which include prosthetic groups eg. Where the content is drawn from two areas, two marks should be awarded and where it is taken only from a single area, one mark should be awarded.

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Afterwards we will focus on what the essay expects of us. Here is a breakdown of the marks available:. Clearly, scientific knowledge is the place where you can gain most marks, often this is where people fall down.

The reason being is due to the Stretch and Challenge element in A2 which is designed to be a real challenge for the most able candidates. I shall now refer you to a document taken from studentcreche, which is an essay information pack.

In it, how the marks are allocated are explained, along with essays, spider diagrams and a list of past titles from old AQA past papers. Click on the link below to download the document:. Even the topics suggested in the mark scheme do not have to be all included to gain credit; AQA say: In determining the mark awarded for breadth, content should ideally come from each of the areas specified if maximum credit is to be awarded.

Where the content is drawn from two areas, two marks should be awarded and where it is taken only from a single area, one mark should be awarded.

However, this should only serve as a guide. This list is not exhaustive and examiners should be prepared to offer credit for the incorporation of relevant material from other areas of study. These marks should be easy to gain if the essay is properly planned beforehand. I shall discuss essay planning later on. That means writing in full sentences and legible handwriting, not using bullet points or scribbling a temptation given the time limit and pressure of an exam.

It also means using key words and spelling scientific terms accurately. Your points should be clear, concise and the essay overall should be coherent. So overall in this essay, you want to demonstrate the depth and breadth of your biological knowledge using proper English and scientific terms. Try to avoid repetition and make sure the points you raise are relevant to the essay title — so remember to keep referring back to the question and your essay plan. Essay planning will be dealt with in the next post, so stay tuned!

I still need to read the next two but its making me feel better about the essay. Just wondering how to make the essay flow? What to include in the introduction and conclusion? I would say that making a brief essay plan helps to make an essay flow as it helps to structure your essay more tightly and keeps you on track under time pressure. In an introduction, you can define key words in the question, for example: Homeostasis is defined as the maintenance of relatively constant conditions in the body by physiological processes that act to counter any departure from the normal.

You then have a clear structure of how the rest of your essay will proceed, so a paragraph about thermoregulation, then blood pressure regulation and osmoregulation. Your conclusion does not have to be long, but do include a conclusion to let the examiner know that you have finished the essay and have not simply run out of time.

Use it to summarise what you have said, and to show that you have addressed the question. If I do not understand the essay title and feel I cannot gain many marks from writing about the desired topics, if I then write about topics I know in large detail, can I still gain the scientific knowledge marks?

I do know that you would lose the relevance marks if the topics you are writing about deviate from those the question is addressing — I remember getting penalized in an essay I did for my mock exam back then because I went into too much detail for something that deviated from the question i. The essay titles was something along the lines of the advantages and disadvantages of bacteria and I was talking about how genetically engineered bacteria could be used to produce insulin, but then proceeded to talk about how insulin was used in the management of diabetes and that there were two types of diabetes — type I and type II etc.

However at university, if the content is irrelevant to the essay titles, a lot of marks are lost, regardless of the scientific content. In the exam, there are a few essay titles that you can choose from, so I would advise you to make a quick brain storm for each title.

Remember that the essay titles that have been chosen are designed to not be too narrow in scope and so will allow room for you to really make it into your own essay.

The blood flows into the heart straight into the atria via the vena cava and pulmonary vein. A wave of electrical activity is firstly spread from the Sino-atrial node which spreads across both atria, this causes the atria to contract which forces blood down into the ventricles through the atrioventricular valves.

The atrioventricular septum prevents the wave crossing the ventricles. The wave passes to the atrioventricular node where it is passed down the septum down specialised fibres known as the bundle of His.

This occurs after a short delay to allow all the blood to flow from the atria to the ventricles. This wave passes down the bundle of His to the Apex of the heart where the Ventricles contract upward, pumping blood out of the ventricles into the pulmonary artery and aorta through the semilunar valves.

Here the blood is then passed round the body where it then returns to the heart and the process repeats. Cycles in Biology — Synoptic. Accessed September 14, We will write a custom essay sample on Cycles in Biology — Synoptic specifically for you. Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours If you contact us after hours, we'll get back to you in 24 hours or less. Cycles in Biology — Synoptic Essay.

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A cycle can be defined by a series of repeated steps that produce an end product which is the same as the start product. There are many cycles in biology including cycles that occur inside organisms such as the cardiac cycle, calvin cycle and the krebs cycle.

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The synoptic Essay The essay titles will be very general and students are expected to draw on relevant information from the complete specification to illustrate their understanding of general principles.

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Aug 06,  · hiya, im trying to prepare for the synoptic essay for AQA Biology A on the 18th june (eeek!) but i dont have anything to compare my essays to. does anyon. Complete lesson to prepare students for the Synoptic Essay AQA Biology A paper 3 for new AQA Biology syllabus. Includes sample essay for students to mark, a marksheet to assess students essays and a list of past essay titles and their markschemes.5/5(5).

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Synoptic Biology. Synoptic biology is the ability to select and apply general principles to unfamiliar situations/data. Modules 5 and 8 will have questions that test your understanding of modules 1,2,3 and 4. This is called the synoptic assessment. essay 1. Synoptic knowledge. Biology essay titles. This document contains the essay titles and mark schemes used in AQA A-level Biology examinations since The specifications these exam questions came from are no longer in use, but the marking method has largely remained unchanged. Further guidance on the marking.